Installing Passenger Standalone
on Red Hat 6 / CentOS 6 (with RPM)
No Amazon Linux RPMs
Our YUM repository may not be used with Amazon Linux. Amazon Linux is too different from RHEL and CentOS. If you are on Amazon Linux, please go back to the operating system selection menu and select "Other / OS independent (generic installation method)".
Table of contents
Step 1: upgrade your kernel, or disable SELinux
The first thing you need to do is to check on two things:
- Which kernel version are you running? You can find out by running
- Is SELinux enabled? You can find out by running
grep SELINUX /etc/selinux/config. If it says "enforcing" or "permissive", then SELinux is enabled. If it says "disabled", then SELinux is disabled.
If SELinux is enabled, then Passenger requires kernel >= 2.6.39. If your kernel is not recent enough, then there are two things you can do:
Disable SELinux completely. Edit
SELINUX=disabledand reboot. Note that merely setting SELinux to permissive mode is not enough.
- Upgrade your kernel to at least 2.6.39.
If your kernel version was already at least 2.6.39, or if SELinux was already disabled, then you can skip to the next step.
Step 2: enable EPEL
Passenger requires EPEL. The instructions differ depending on whether you are on Red Hat or CentOS.
install EPEL package
If your system is 64-bit:
$ if ! rpm -q epel-release; then sudo yum install -y yum-utils \ http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm; fi $ sudo yum-config-manager --enable epel
If your system is 32-bit:
$ if ! rpm -q epel-release; then sudo yum install -y yum-utils \ http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm; fi $ sudo yum-config-manager --enable epel
enable the 'optional' repository
|Enable the optional repository (rhel-6-server-optional-rpms). This can be done by enabling the RHEL optional subchannel for RHN-Classic. For certificate-based subscriptions see Red Hat Subscription Management Guide.|
$ sudo yum install -y epel-release yum-utils $ sudo yum-config-manager --enable epel
Step 3: install Passenger packages
These commands will install Passenger through Phusion's YUM repository.
# Install various prerequisites sudo yum install -y pygpgme curl # Add our el6 YUM repository sudo curl --fail -sSLo /etc/yum.repos.d/passenger.repo https://oss-binaries.phusionpassenger.com/yum/definitions/el-passenger.repo # Install Passenger sudo yum install -y passenger
Step 4: check installation
After installation, please validate the install by running
sudo /usr/bin/passenger-config validate-install. For example:
$ sudo /usr/bin/passenger-config validate-install * Checking whether this Phusion Passenger install is in PATH... ✓ * Checking whether there are no other Phusion Passenger installations... ✓
All checks should pass. If any of the checks do not pass, please follow the suggestions on screen.
Step 5: update regularly
Passenger updates and system updates are delivered through the YUM package manager regularly. You should run the following command regularly to keep them up to date:
$ sudo yum update
After an update, you should restart all your Passenger instances so that the updates take effect.