Upgrading Passenger + Nginx
through source tarball
This guide teaches you how to upgrade Passenger + Nginx to the latest version. It assumes that Passenger + Nginx was installed through a source tarball. Is this not the case? Go back to the upgrade guide index.
Table of contents
Step 1: download and extract latest tarball
Download the latest Passenger source tarball.
Extract the tarball to the same directory as where your current Passenger installation is located. For example, if Passenger was located in
/opt/passenger-5.0.12, then extract the tarball to
/opt. Replace X.X.X with the Passenger version you downloaded.
$ tar -xzvf passenger-X.X.X.tar.gz -C /opt
Step 2: update Passenger PATH entry
While installing the previous Passenger version, you added its
bin directory to PATH, so that your shell can locate the previous Passenger version's commands. You need to update this PATH entry to point to the latest Passenger.
Open your shell's system-wide startup file. If you're using bash, this is usually
/etc/bash.bashrc. Inside that file, look for something like this:
Replace it with:
When you're done, restart all your shells so that your new PATH takes effect.
Step 3: re-run the Passenger Nginx module installer
Re-run the Passenger Nginx module installer in order to upgrade Nginx and its Passenger module to the latest version. Follow the on-screen instructions:
When done, don't forget to update the configuration snippet in your Nginx config file, as instructed by the installer.
At some point, you will be asked to provide an Nginx "prefix directory". You were asked the same question the last time you installed Passenger + Nginx through source tarball. Make sure that you enter the same directory this time. It's usually /opt/nginx.
Step 4: restart Nginx
Restart Nginx using the following command. Note reloading Nginx is not enough; it must really be a restart.
$ sudo kill $(cat /opt/nginx/logs/nginx.pid) $ sudo /opt/nginx/sbin/nginx
Be sure to replace
/opt/nginx with the actual Nginx prefix that you installed Nginx to.
Step 5: remove old version
Remove the previous Passenger version:
$ sudo rm -rf /opt/passenger-X.X.X
Step 6: validate installation
After installation, please validate the install by running
sudo passenger-config validate-install. For example:
$ sudo passenger-config validate-install * Checking whether this Phusion Passenger install is in PATH... ✓ * Checking whether there are no other Phusion Passenger installations... ✓
All checks should pass. If any of the checks do not pass, please follow the suggestions on screen.
Finally, check whether Nginx has started the Passenger core processes. Run
sudo passenger-memory-stats. You should see Nginx processes as well as Passenger processes. For example:
$ sudo passenger-memory-stats Version: 5.0.8 Date : 2015-05-28 08:46:20 +0200 ... ---------- Nginx processes ---------- PID PPID VMSize Private Name ------------------------------------- 12443 4814 60.8 MB 0.2 MB nginx: master process /usr/sbin/nginx 12538 12443 64.9 MB 5.0 MB nginx: worker process ### Processes: 3 ### Total private dirty RSS: 5.56 MB ----- Passenger processes ------ PID VMSize Private Name -------------------------------- 12517 83.2 MB 0.6 MB PassengerAgent watchdog 12520 266.0 MB 3.4 MB PassengerAgent server 12531 149.5 MB 1.4 MB PassengerAgent logger ...
If you do not see any Nginx processes or Passenger processes, then you probably have some kind of installation problem or configuration problem. Please refer to the troubleshooting guide.